Roman numerals are represented by seven different symbols: `I`

, `V`

, `X`

, `L`

, `C`

, `D`

and `M`

.

Symbol Value I 1 V 5 X 10 L 50 C 100 D 500 M 1000

For example, `2`

is written as `II`

in Roman numeral, just two ones added together. `12`

is written as `XII`

, which is simply `X + II`

. The number `27`

is written as `XXVII`

, which is `XX + V + II`

.

Roman numerals are usually written largest to smallest from left to right. However, the numeral for four is not `IIII`

. Instead, the number four is written as `IV`

. Because the one is before the five we subtract it making four. The same principle applies to the number nine, which is written as `IX`

. There are six instances where subtraction is used:

`I`

can be placed before`V`

(5) and`X`

(10) to make 4 and 9.`X`

can be placed before`L`

(50) and`C`

(100) to make 40 and 90.`C`

can be placed before`D`

(500) and`M`

(1000) to make 400 and 900.

Given a roman numeral, convert it to an integer.

Example 1:

Input: s = "III" Output: 3 Explanation: III = 3.

Example 2:

Input: s = "LVIII" Output: 58 Explanation: L = 50, V= 5, III = 3.

Example 3:

Input: s = "MCMXCIV" Output: 1994 Explanation: M = 1000, CM = 900, XC = 90 and IV = 4.

Constraints:

`1 <= s.length <= 15`

`s`

contains only the characters`('I', 'V', 'X', 'L', 'C', 'D', 'M')`

.- It is guaranteed that
`s`

is a valid roman numeral in the range`[1, 3999]`

.

Code(Python):-

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